Canova Monument, Basilica di Santa Maria dei Frari Gloriosa dei Frari
About the project
One of the Frari’s most arresting works of art is the huge pyramid of the Canova Monument which has suffered from a number of different problems. These include the combination of effects of saltwater rising up from below the church, through the brick core into the marble, the suppression of the breathability of the marble due to the use of earlier barrier treatments applied to the surfaces, the oxidation of iron cramps which has caused staining and the shifting of the front of the monument.
Antonio Canova (1757–1822), was the son of a stone-carver from Possagno, in the foothills of the Dolomites. He studied in Venice and in 1780, aided by a scholarship from the Venetian senate, he moved to Rome, developing a new sculptural style, which combined classicism with a contemporary idealism and humanity. His fame among foreign visitors to Rome quickly gained him an international reputation and led to commissions from the Empress Catherine the Great of Russia, Napoleon Bonaparte, Italian, Austrian and British patrons.
After 1815 he played a key role as a cultural diplomat, negotiating for the return of many of the art treasures seized by Napoleon from the Vatican and elsewhere in Italy, including Venice’s famous bronze horses. Between commissions he was also consulted by the British for his opinion on the Elgin Marbles.
Despite his great successes he remained a modest, generous-hearted and idealistic individual who built a lofty neo-classical temple dedicated to the Holy Trinity, as a gift to his birthplace Possagno.
On his death the Accademia delle Belle Arti under the leadership of Leopoldo Cicognara gathered subscriptions from across Europe to erect a memorial to Canova – one which Canova himself had designed for the tomb of Titian but which had remained unexecuted.
The Architectural Historian, David Watkin provides some context for the monument: ‘This beautiful, moving, and alarming, celebration of death, commemorating the greatest classical artist of his day, can be seen appropriately as the realisation of the visionary neo-classical architects of the eighteenth century. These range from unexecuted projects such as the megalomaniac pyramidal cenotaphs of Boullée in the 1780s and Brongniart’s design for the cemetery of Père Lachaise in Paris of c.1812, to Schinkel’s design for the 1816 production in Berlin of Mozart’s The Magic Flute, where a pyramid rises from the light of the sun behind a giant shadowy statue of Osiris.
- The condition of the Canova Monument has deteriorated over many years.
- Diagnostic work, funded by Venice in Peril was carried out by the firm of Ottorino Nonfarmale srl under the direction of the Venice heritage authorities in 2020.
- The main treatment phase started in July 2021. Images show the monument stripped of its basement lumachella cladding, reinforcement of the panels and scaffolding. The work is due to be finished in Summer 2022.
- Damp and salt have risen through the monument, causing severe staining from iron cramps and flaking and crumbling of the marble surfaces. Historic conservation treatments exacerbated the problems preventing the marble from breathing. And the front of the monument had also shifted forwards.
- Built as a memorial to Antonio Canova, (1757-1822) celebrated sculptor, cultural diplomat and conservator.
- The figures represent, from left: Genius resting, by Giuseppe Fabris, Winged Lion, by Rinaldo Rinaldi, the medallion relief by Antonio Bosa, the veiled figure of Sculpture carrying an urn, by Bartolomeo Ferrari, her attendant the Genietto, also by Rinaldo Rinaldi, the weeping figures of Painting and Architecture, by Luigi Zandomeneghi and their boy attendants by Rinaldo Rinaldi.
- Canova’s sculptures are spread throughout collections worldwide. In the UK they can be seen in the Royal Collection, Chatsworth, Apsley House and the V&A Museum where the Three Graces, originally commissioned for Woburn Abbey by the 6th Duke of Bedford can be seen.
- You may also be interested in these related Venice in Peril projects Canova Bozzetti, Cattedra Cicognara, Rezzonico Lions
- See also Gallerie dell’Accademia di Venezia and Museo Canova, Possagno